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Article: Vegetarian, vegan, vegan: what are the differences?

Comprendre les différences entre ces trois régimes alimentaires.

Vegetarian, vegan, vegan: what are the differences?

The common thing between a vegetarian, a vegan and a vegan is the fact that they do not eat meat. The reasons for choice are diverse: respecting the animal cause, improving its health, encouraging more sustainable agriculture or applying a religion (Hinduism, etc.).

However, these three types of diets have some differences that you should know:

The vegan

A vegan's consumption is strict. He does not eat any products of animal origin (meat, seafood, milk, eggs, honey, etc.). Veganism is therefore a diet that includes only foods of plant origin.

The vegan

Veganism was created in 1944 by the co-founder of the Vegan Society, Donald Watson. He was considered the first vegan.

The vegan has the same consumption as a vegan, but his lifestyle excludes any product from animal exploitation. For example, a vegan does not buy leather shoes or wear clothes with fur. He will also not use products or cosmetics tested on animals. Finally, the vegan does not go to the zoo or the circus to watch animal shows.

Veganism is therefore not just a diet but a way of living aimed at excluding suffering and cruelty towards animals. A vegan does everything to live without causing animals to suffer. It will remove all the products of daily life that can harm them.

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The vegetarian

Vegetarianism is a dietary practice that has existed since Ancient Greece. Several Greek philosophers were vegetarians and committed to animal rights, notably Pythagoras, considered the father of vegetarianism.

Other renowned thinkers and scientists have also been vegetarians: Albert Einstein, Leonardo da Vinci and Mahatma Gandhi.

The vegetarian has a type of diet that excludes meat (red meat and white meat), fish and seafood. However, there are several categories of vegetarianism:

  • Lacto-ovo vegetarianism: the vegetarian will eat products from animals such as dairy products or eggs.
  • Lacto-vegetarianism: the vegetarian will consume milk but not eggs.
  • Semi-vegetarianism: vegetarians will exclude meat, but not fish, seafood or even poultry. This diet is similar to the Mediterranean diet.

The benefits of this diet

The health effects of vegetarian, vegan and vegan diets are, in general, beneficial. People adopting these diets are more likely to have a more favorable body weight index (BMI), LDL cholesterol level and blood sugar levels than the rest of the population.

As part of a diet rich in oilseeds, fruits and vegetables, they have less risk of developing cardiovascular diseases or diabetes thanks to a reduction in energy intake, a higher fiber intake and a consumption of foods with a low glycemic index.

 

Vegetarians, vegans and vegans: those most exposed to dietary deficiencies

Vegetarians, vegans and vegans are more likely to have dietary deficiencies. In fact, certain fatty acids, vitamins and trace elements are only present in products of animal origin.

These nutritional deficiencies can cause anemia, fatigue, muscle weakness, loss of balance, dizziness, palpitations, pale skin, hair loss or even irritability.

They must therefore take food supplements rich in vitamin B12, vitamin D, iron, zinc, calcium and omega 3. These nutrients are essential to ensure the proper functioning of the body.

Protein intake must also be monitored to sufficiently nourish the muscles and rebuild them after physical activity.

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