How to take care of your scalp?
The beauty of hair depends, in large part, on a healthy scalp. It is therefore essential to pamper it to preserve healthy hair .
A healthy scalp provides stronger, thicker hair; while an irritated or damaged scalp weakens the hair, which also becomes finer and duller.
Like the skin, the scalp can react to different factors of daily life. Dandruff , tightness, itching or even dryness may then appear.
Before treating your scalp, you must know its nature and understand its reactions.
The scalp is a part of the skin that covers the skull, on which hair grows. On average, it houses between 100,000 and 200,000 hairs.
It plays several important roles, in fact, the scalp is a physical barrier against external attacks, an immunological protection and a thermal insulator.
The scalp is made up of numerous hair follicles that produce hair . They are connected to the sebaceous glands, which play an essential role for the beauty of hair and skin, by producing and synthesizing sebum. Mixed with sweat, it forms a protective layer rich in lipids on the scalp, called a “hydrolipidic film”, which makes the hair supple and shiny.
The scalp also has sweat glands which have the role of secreting sweat and implementing the perspiration mechanism.
The scalp is irrigated by a large number of blood vessels, which can be explained by its high density of hair follicles. It also has nerve endings, which make it very sensitive to contact and the environment.
Like the skin , the scalp is made up of three layers which overlap from the surface to the depth: the epidermis, the dermis and the hypodermis.
On average, scalp cell turnover lasts two weeks, however, it can be accelerated in cases of inflammation.
Causes of an unhealthy scalp
Several factors can cause scalp disorders:
A parasite called “Malassezia Globosa”
“Malassezia Globosa” is a microorganism naturally present in the scalp. It feeds on the sebum secreted on the surface of the scalp.
In some people, this parasite can be irritating. Indeed, it can weaken the protective function of the epidermis and cause inflammation and/or itching. In response, the scalp accelerates its cell renewal, which promotes the proliferation of dandruff.
Too high a temperature
One of the main causes of a broken scalp is sweating. Subjected to too high a temperature, it can become very irritating.
Wearing a hat increases the temperature of the scalp and leads to increased perspiration.
Pollution has a negative impact on the balance and health of the scalp. Indeed, pollution particles suspended in the air settle and suffocate the scalp.
When a scalp cannot breathe, it secretes excess sebum to protect itself. The scalp therefore re-greases more quickly, the hair then becomes greasy , shiny and sticky.
The style of life
A poor diet, a period of stress, tobacco consumption, the menstrual cycle... all these factors influence the body as well as the quality of the scalp.
Finally, certain antibiotics and medications prescribed for chronic illnesses, or even hair coloring containing irritating and allergenic molecules, tend to unbalance and modify the condition of the scalp.
Fortunately, there are solutions to soothe and care for your scalp.
Tips for taking care of your scalp
Here are some tips for taking care of your scalp and, therefore, preserving the beauty of your hair:
- Use hair products adapted to your needs: the choice of shampoo is important because it helps rid the scalp of all accumulated impurities (dust, sebum, pollution particles, dead skin, etc.) so that it can breathe and stay healthy. good health. This product should be chosen according to your needs, for example, to get rid of dandruff or to soothe an itchy scalp. Whatever the need, the shampoo must be gentle and of good composition so as not to further damage or irritate the scalp. The same goes for other hair products such as conditioner or mask.
- Hydrate your roots well: just like the skin, the scalp needs hydration, especially when it is dry. To do this, you can combine aloe vera, which deeply hydrates and fights dandruff, with jojoba oil which helps regulate sebum production. This mixture is to be applied daily to the roots of the hair.
- Make natural treatments: other vegetable oils such as coconut oil or castor oil prove to be useful in fighting dandruff. Clay or even cider vinegar are effective in absorbing excess sebum. Once a week, it is recommended to apply them to the scalp as a treatment, for a duration of 30 minutes or even several hours.
- Exfoliate regularly: once a week, it is recommended to exfoliate the scalp before shampooing to purify it, clean out impurities, and reduce itching or/and dandruff. It is possible to make a scrub yourself, by mixing sugar with vegetable oil (argan oil or olive oil for example).
- Perform scalp massages: to loosen the roots of the hair, a cranial massage is ideal. It helps activate the blood circulation of the scalp and restore flexibility. The massage can be done with the fingertips, or with a massage brush . Be careful however, it must be carried out delicately so as not to cause an overproduction of sebum.
- Have a balanced diet: a poor diet or nutritional deficiencies unbalance and weaken the hair bulbs. It is therefore essential to have a balanced diet, combining proteins, fruits and vegetables, cereals, vegetable oils and oilseeds, to provide them with all the necessary nutrients.
Délicure offers “Hair” food supplements, in the form of vegan gummies , with natural flavors and 100% Made in France. They contain vitamins (B6, B8, B9, B12 and E) and trace elements (zinc and selenium) necessary to preserve healthy hair, as well as blueberry which promotes microcirculation of the scalp. Nourished and hydrated from the inside, hair grows faster and healthier.
If scalp problems persist, despite the care provided, changing your lifestyle can be beneficial (getting restful sleep, exercising regularly, taking care of yourself and relaxing, etc.). If the scalp suffers from significant symptoms, it is recommended to consult a general practitioner or dermatologist who will prescribe adequate treatment.