Skin: how to get rid of acne?
Acne is a common skin problem in adolescents, but it can also affect adults. The pimples that characterize it can be difficult to live with, especially when they are on the face.
Acne is not inevitable; there are a few simple everyday actions as well as effective medical treatments to get rid of it.
Where does acne come from?
Acne is a chronic skin disease that affects the pilosebaceous follicles, cavities that are part of the structure of the epidermis. They are composed of a hair, as well as a sebaceous gland whose main function is to secrete sebum, an oily fluid which protects the skin from various external attacks.
On normal skin, sebum is fluid and flows normally. Whereas on acne-prone skin, the sebaceous glands produce a greater quantity of sebum. The latter thickens and mixes with dead cells present on the surface of the skin. This causes tension inside the pilosebaceous follicle and obstruction of the hair canal, thus preventing the natural evacuation of sebum.
The fatty components of sebum (wax, squalene and triglycerides) accelerate the multiplication of a bacteria naturally present in small quantities at the bottom of the sebaceous gland. Called “ Propionibacterium acnes” , it is capable of growing in the absence of oxygen.
This proliferation eventually causes the blemishes characteristic of acne.
What are the symptoms of acne?
The symptoms of acne are numerous:
- Blackheads: also called comedones, these are small fatty deposits that block the pores of the skin. These pores are clogged due to excess sebum or impurities, our pores. They expand and become very visible.
- Pustules: which appear in the form of white pimples which contain pus.
- Papules: these are red and painful spots.
- Nodules: compared to pustules, this type of pimples is larger, hard, deep and painful.
- Cysts: these are inflammatory, painful and deep lesions that contain pus.
These symptoms most often appear on the face, neck, chest and sometimes on the back.
Acne most often develops in outbreaks over several years before healing. Once healed, it can leave temporary (red or pigmented) or permanent scars (for example “hollows” and “raises” in the skin).
What causes acne?
Very often, acne is of hormonal origin and can be treated very well. Other causes of acne can be linked to pollution, excessive sweating, friction with clothing, an unbalanced diet or stress .
Indeed, stress causes a secretion of hormones (cortisol and androgen) which can worsen acne. To limit the harmful effects of stress, Délicure offers vegan and natural gummies enriched with plants (rhodiola, saffron and holy basil), GABA amino acid and vitamin B6. This set of active ingredients helps reduce stress, protect the nervous system and thus promote relaxation.
Acne can also occur following the use of beauty products and taking certain medical treatments.
What is the most effective treatment for acne?
Acne is the leading cause of consultation with a dermatologist, a doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the skin, hair, nails and body hair.
Indeed, acne represents a real burden for some people; it has a significant psychological effect on confidence and self-esteem, as well as on social relationships.
To prescribe a suitable treatment, the doctor must take into account several factors such as age, severity of acne, appearance of pimples and lesions.
Alongside medical treatment, you must apply a few effective daily actions to regain beautiful, healthy skin , prevent acne and limit the appearance of spots and lesions:
- Frequently clean your face carefully: firstly, it is essential to clean your face twice a day, with a gentle cleanser to remove all impurities.
- Do not touch the pimples: in order to avoid scarring and not to spread bacteria to the surface of the skin, you should avoid rubbing your skin and touching the pimples.
- Have a good diet: diet plays an important role in reducing the risk of acne, it must be rich in sources of B vitamins, trace elements ( zinc , magnesium, selenium, etc.) and antioxidants. A daily diet enriched with whole grains (brown rice, quinoa, etc.), fruits and vegetables (citrus fruits, red fruits, dried beans, artichokes, beets, etc.) and proteins (poultry, soya, etc.) is preferred. Sugar, refined products and dairy products should be limited because they stimulate the production of acne-promoting hormones.
To take care of yourself, Délicure has launched a course of Hair gummies , targeted at the beauty of hair, nails and skin. They are enriched with blueberry, vitamins (B6, B8, B9, B12 and E) and trace elements (zinc and selenium) essential for maintaining healthy skin and preventing acne breakouts.
- Have a healthy lifestyle: in addition to a balanced diet, having a restful sleep is essential to maintain healthy skin. To promote quality sleep, Délicure offers sleep gummies , enriched with melatonin (sleep hormone), plants (linden, passionflower, poppy) and vitamins (B5 and B6). They allow you to relax, make it easier to fall asleep and limit nighttime awakenings. In addition, you should remember to change your pillowcases regularly because during the night, they absorb sweat and sebum which is then deposited again on the skin. It is also important to clean your cell phone screen regularly. This is a veritable breeding ground for bacteria that can transfer microbes to the skin.
- Use the right products suitable for acne-prone skin: the right choice of products is essential to get rid of acne. Indeed, they must be adapted to skin prone to imperfections so as not to aggravate the disease. Often recommended by a doctor or pharmacist, these products are designed to make pimples disappear, prevent their appearance and reduce scarring. Be careful though, they must be used correctly. Intensive soaping and excessive use of anti-imperfection masks, purifying balms, disinfectant gels or exfoliating scrubs can be harmful because acne is a difficult disease to tame.
- Use natural treatments: to regain smooth skin and limit imperfections due to acne, certain vegetable oils (jojoba, nigella, hazelnut, etc.) are very effective. In the form of treatments, they can be applied directly to the skin using a gentle, circular massage.
- Choose good makeup: makeup helps camouflage pimples and unsightly lesions due to acne, however, powders should be avoided because they tend to clog pores. The ideal is to use a tinted moisturizer. You should prefer non-oily makeup and opt for non-comedogenic cosmetic products.
- Limit exposure to the sun: when the skin is exposed to the sun, it thickens to protect itself, which encourages the appearance of spots. It is therefore very important to apply high sun protection to avoid them.
If, despite these tips, acne worsens, we recommend that you consult a dermatologist for appropriate treatment.